What is Eczema in Babies?
Eczema (also called atopic dermatitis) is a skin rash that usually appears before age 5. In babies it tends to show up on the cheeks and scalp, but it may spread to the arms, legs, chest, or other parts of the body. After a child’s first year, it’s most likely to show up on the insides of the elbows, the backs of the knees, the wrists, and the ankles, but it can also appear elsewhere.
Causes of Eczema in Babies
Eczema has a genetic basis – this means it tends to run in families. Children with eczema often have other allergy-type conditions like asthma or allergic rhintis.
Eczema might flare up:
- after contact with irritating chemicals like soaps or bubble baths, or irritating fabrics like wool and polyester
- after viral or bacterial infections
- after exposure to substances like dust mites or animal fur
- after exposure to foods that your child is allergic to
- when your child gets too hot
- when your child is stressed.
Often there’s no obvious cause for a flare-up.
In a few children, diet can make eczema worse, although it’s often hard to say which food is causing the problem.
Eczema is not contagious.
Symptoms of Eczema in Babies
About 20 percent of babies and young children have eczema. It usually starts in infancy, with 65 percent of patients developing symptoms in the first year of life and 90 percent developing symptoms before age 5. The rash might look like dry, thickened, scaly skin, or it might be made up of tiny red bumps that ooze or become infected if scratched. Scratching can also cause thickened, darkened, or scarred skin over time.
Eczema typically comes and goes. It isn’t contagious, but because it’s intensely itchy, it can be very uncomfortable, and scratching can be a problem. If untreated, the rash can be unsightly, so it may present a social challenge for a child, too.
Treatment of Eczema in Babies
Welling Homeopathy offers treatment for your babies that is stress-free for parents. The babies love to take our medicines, get well faster and completely.
Some additional care can surely go a long way in relieving dryness due to eczema.
During a flare-up, you can try applying cool compresses to the area several times a day, followed by a moisturizer.
Allowing skin to breathe and stay cool
Dress your child in smooth natural fabrics, like cotton. Avoid wool and other scratchy materials, which can irritate very sensitive skin. Don’t overheat your child by bundling him up more than necessary.
Soaps and cleansers
Switch to mild, fragrance-free soaps or non-soap cleansers and shampoos, or those made for sensitive skin. Use mild, fragrance-free detergent for washing clothes and bedding. Don’t use fabric softeners.
Your child may try to get relief by scratching with his hands or by rubbing his face against the sheet during sleep. But scratching and rubbing can further irritate or inflame the skin and make matters much worse.
The treatment for eczema in babies may vary from case to case – some requiring short-term whereas others requiring long term treatment. The duration of treatment depends on various factors such as the severity, duration and extent of the illness, nature of treatment taken for the same and general health of the patient.