- Regression of brain cancer
- Prevention of recurrence of brain cancer,
- Removing side-effects of chemo and radiation therapy,
- Relieving cancer pains
- Improving general quality of life and hence, a better reaction to other treatments.
The speciality Homeopathic treatment for brain cancer, developed at Welling Clinics can be very helpful for those suffering from brain cancer.
Call us today on (+91) 80 80 850 950 to book an appointment and meet our specialist to know more about our speciality Homeopathy treatment for brain cancer.
Introduction of Brain Cancer
- Brain cancer is a tumour (abnormal growth of cells) or cancerous growth in the brain.
- Tumors can be eitherbenign or malignant.
|Benign brain tumors||Malignant brain tumors|
|ü These are abnormal collections of cells that reproduce slowly and usually remain separate from the surrounding normal brain.ü They grow slowly, do not spread to other parts of the brain and can usually be removed more easily than malignant tumors.||ü These can be reproduce and grow quickly. Their borders are hard to distinguish from the normal brain around them.ü Thus these tumors are hard to remove completely without damaging the surrounding brain.|
- Brain cancers can arise from primary brain cells, the cells that form other brain components (membranes, blood vessels) or from the growth of cancer cells that develop in other organs and that have spread to the brain by the bloodstream (metastatic brain cancer).
- Brain tumors can develop at any age, studies show that brain cancer incidence occur most commonly in children younger than eight years old and adults over age 50.
Types of Brain Cancer: – Brain Cancer can be:
- Primary brain cancer: – Primary brain cancer develops from cells within the brain and it starts in the brain. Primary brain tumors are classified by the type of cell or tissue the tumor affects, and the location and grade of the tumor. Tumor cells may travel short distances within the brain, but generally won’t travel outside of the brain itself. Not all primary brain tumors are the same. Primary brain tumors can be divided into benign or malignant tumors.
- Benign primary brain tumors: – Theseare not cancerous. They grow slowly. However, benign brain tumors can still damage normal brain tissue and cause serious problems.
- Malignant primary brain tumors: – Theseare more aggressive than benign tumors. They grow more quickly and invade local structures more aggressively.
According to National Brain Tumor Society, there are over 120 different types of brain tumors. The most common primary brain tumors are called gliomas, which originate in the glial (supportive) tissue. About one third of all primary brain tumors and other nervous system tumors form from glial cells. There are several types of gliomas.
Astrocytoma: – These develop from small, star-shaped cells called astrocytes, and may arise anywhere in the brain or spinal cord. These are the most common primary CNS tumor. In adults, it mostly occurs in the cerebrum, which is the largest part of the brain. Astrocytoma divided into certain grads. These are as follows:
- Grade I: Pilocytic Astrocytoma
- Grade II: Diffuse Astrocytoma / Low-grade Astrocytoma
- Grade III: Anaplastic Astrocytoma
- Grade IV: Glioblastomas.
Anaplastic astrocytomas and glioblastomas are malignant astrocytomas that grow and spread aggressively, accounting for more than 50 percent of all astrocytomas. Glioblastomas occur most often in adults between the ages of 50 and 70.
Brain stem gliomas: – They arise in the brain stem, which controls many vital functions, such as body temperature, blood pressure, breathing, hunger and thirst. The brain stem also serves to transmit all the signals to the body from the brain. The brain stem is in the lowest part of the brain, and connects the brain and spinal cord. Tumors in this area can be difficult to treat. Most brain stem gliomas are high-grade astrocytomas.
Other gliomas: – Aside from astrocytomas, there are a number of different primary brain tumors and other nervous system tumors that form from glial cells.
- Ependymomas: – These are usually occurs in the lining of the ventricles, or spaces in the brain and around the spinal cord. Although Ependymomas can develop at any age, these brain cancer tumors most commonly arise in children and adolescents. Ependymomas are also a common spinal cord tumor.
- Oligodendrogliomas: – These develop in the cells that produce myelin (the fatty covering that protects nerves in the brain and spinal cord). These tumors are very rare, and usually occur in the cerebrum. They are slow growing and generally do not spread into surrounding brain tissue. These brain tumors occur most often in middle-aged adults. Prognosis of this type of tumor is good.
- Mixed gliomas:-Theyhave two types of tumor cells: oligodendrocytes and astrocytes. This type of brain tumor most often forms in the cerebrum.
Other brain tumors: – There are a number of different brain tumors that do not begin in glial tissue.
- Meningiomas: – These are also called as meningeal tumors. They grow from meninges, (three thin membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord). These tumors are usually benign (non-cancerous). These tumors tend to grow very slowly. Meningiomas frequently grow quite large before they cause symptoms. This type of brain cancer occurs most often in women ages 30 to 50.
- Pituitary tumors: – These tumors develop from the pituitary gland. Most pituitary tumors are benign. They are divided into two parts, depending upon size: Macro- adenomas (greater than 1 cm in size) and Micro- adenomas (less than 1 cm in size). Because they arise from the pituitary gland (master gland of the body), these tumors can over-produce a variety of hormones. This overproduction of hormones typically causes symptoms, such as fatigue, menstrual irregularities, and weight gain or loss, among many others. Most pituitary tumors, however, do not produce hormones. These tumors, which are common among 30-50 year olds, can still create problems when they become large enough to push on the nearby optic nerves.
- Craniopharyngiomas: – These tumors develop in the area of the brain near the pituitary gland (the main endocrine gland which produces hormones that control other glands and many body functions, especially growth) near the hypothalamus. These brain tumors are usually benign. However, they may sometimes be considered malignant because they may create pressure on, or damage, the hypothalamus and affect vital functions (such as body temperature, hunger and thirst). These tumors occur most often in children and adolescents, or adults over age 50.
- Germ cell tumors: – These tumorsarise from developing sex (egg or sperm) cells, also known as germ cells. The most common type of germ cell tumor in the brain is the “germinoma”. Apart from the brain, germinoma can form in the ovaries, testicles, chest and abdomen. Most germ cell tumors occur in children.
- Pineal region tumors:- These tumorsoccur in or around the pineal gland, a small organ located in the center of the brain. The pineal gland produces melatonin, a hormone that plays an important role in the sleep-wake cycle. These brain cancer tumors can be slow growing (pineocytoma) or fast growing (pineoblastoma). Since the pineal region is very difficult to reach, it requires a high level of surgical expertise to remove these tumors.
- Medulloblastomas: –These are fast-growing brain tumors that develop from the neurons of the cerebellum. The cerebellum is the lower back of the brain and controls movement, balance and posture. These tumors are usually found in children or young adults.
- Primary CNS lymphomas: – These develop in lymph tissue of the brain or spinal cord. This type of brain tumor is usually found in people whose immune systems are compromised.
- Secondary brain cancer: – When cancer develops elsewhere in the body and spreads (metastasizes) to the brain, it’s called a secondary brain tumor, or metastatic brain cancer. Metastatic brain tumors are more common than primary brain tumors. Metastatic brain tumor starts somewhere else in the body and moves to the brain. Some cancers that commonly spread to the brain include lung, colon, kidney and breast cancers.
Basic Pathology of Brain Tumor:-
Brain cancer or tumor is determined in four stages. Stage 1 is less severe while stage 4 is life threatening. These stages are determined by abnormal cell growth within the brain. The stages of Brain Cancer are as follows:
Ø Stage 1: Stage 1 brain cancer is less serious and it is easily treatable. When a patient is diagnosed with stage 1 brain cancer, the growth is slow. Some cells still resemble normal cells within the brain. In this early stage of brain cancer, the cells have not invaded the surrounding tissue. Surgery is done and in most cases, the whole tumor can be removed. Sometimes chemotherapy or radiation is given to make sure all the cancer cells are eradicated.
Ø Stage 2:- During stage 2, the tumor is bigger. Most likely it has spread to the surrounding tissue. Even at this stage, it can be treated with surgery. As with stage 1 and depending spread of tumor, the tumor can be removed. In stage 2, the tumor has the potential to develop into a higher stage or become aggressive.
Ø Stage 3:- Patients who are diagnosed with stage 3 cancer have a more aggressive tumor. Growth of the tumor is apparent. Cancer cells in the brain or now distinctive. They look different from normal cells. Often, surrounding tissue has become affected. Treatment is given in form of chemotherapy. If the tumor is big and surgery can’t be performed right away, chemotherapy is used to reduce the size.
Ø Stage 4:- In stage 4, the tumor has grown aggressively. This stage of brain cancer can be difficult to treat, but not impossible. The size, location and if it has spread to other parts of the brain determine the kind of treatment necessary.
Clinical presentation of Brain Cancer:-
- Headaches: – Headaches are usually worse in the morning. Headache can be related to many causes.
- Vomiting:Vomiting, especially in the morning and it is accompanied without nausea. Nausea can also sometimes occur; it’s just not as common. Like headaches, vomiting is a very vague symptom that could be caused by a number of things.
- Mood Changes: – Adults with brain tumors sometimes experience personality changes that are frustrating and can definitely interrupt daily living activities.
- Seizures: – Seizures cause the body to shake and tremor in varying intensity. They can also cause one to stare for several minutes or have visual disturbance like flashing lights. Loss of consciousness can also occur. Though seizures are most likely caused by another condition like epilepsy or
- Vision and Hearing Problems: –Some brain tumors can cause visual or hearing disturbances that are difficult to ignore. Problems with vision can include seeing flashing lights, blurring, and floaters. Hearing disturbances can include one-sided hearing loss and ringing in the ears. Other types of brain tumors may cause abnormal eye movements or changes in vision, depending on the size and location of the tumor.
- Physical Changes: –An adult with a brain tumor may experience weakness on one side of the body. An abnormal gait may also be present. Coordinated movements may become difficult.
- Speech Changes: –Slurring of the words or slow speech can occur.
- Loss of motor skill: –A brain tumor can affect certain areas of the brain responsible for motor functions, like balance, coordination or movement. Weakness of facial muscles may result from a tumor within the cranial nerve.
- Cognitive problems: –A brain tumor can impact cognitive abilities and result in memory problems, poor concentration, confusion, difficulty thinking clearly or processing information, and language difficulties.
- Weakness or numbness :-Some brain tumors cause weakness on one side of the body or other paraneoplastic syndromes, like peripheral neuropathy (numbness or tingling in the hands and feet), Muscle jerking or twitching
Diagnosis of Brain Tumor:-
- A neurological examination: – A neurological examination may include, checking vision, hearing, balance, coordination and reflexes. Difficulty in one or more areas may provide clues about the part of brain that could be affected by a brain tumor.
- Imaging tests: – Imaging tests like, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is commonly used to help diagnose brain tumors. In some cases a dye may be injected through a vein in arm before MRI. A number of specialized MRI scans — including functional MRI, perfusion MRI and magnetic resonance spectroscopy — may help doctor to evaluate the tumor and plan treatment. Other imaging tests may include computerized tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography (PET).
- Biopsy (collecting and testing a sample of abnormal tissue):- A biopsy can be performed as part of an operation to remove the brain tumor, or a biopsy can be performed using a needle. A stereotactic needle biopsy may be done for brain tumors in hard to reach areas or very sensitive areas within brain that might be damaged by a more extensive operation.
Treatment of Brain Cancer: – Treatment for a brain tumor depends on the type, size and location of the tumor:-
- Surgery: – In some cases, tumors are small and easy to separate from surrounding brain tissue, which makes complete surgical removal possible. In other cases, tumors can’t be separated from surrounding tissue or they’re located near sensitive areas in brain, making surgery risky. In these situations removal of as much of the tumor is safe procedure.Surgery to remove a brain tumor has higher risk of infection and bleeding.
- Radiation therapy: – Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams, such as X-rays or protons, to kill tumor cells. Side effects of radiation therapy depend on the type and dose of radiation given. In general it can cause fatigue, headaches and scalp irritation.
- Radio surgery: – Radio surgery uses multiple beams of radiation to give a highly focused form of radiation treatment to kill the tumor cells in a very small area.Side effects may include fatigue, headache and nausea.
- Chemotherapy: – Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill tumor cells. Chemotherapy drugs can be taken orally in pill form or injected into a vein (intravenously). Chemotherapy side effects depend on the type and dose of drugs you receive. Chemotherapy can cause nausea, vomiting and hair loss.
- Targeted drug therapy: –Targeted drug treatments focus on specific abnormalities present within cancer cells. By blocking these abnormalities, targeted drug treatments can cause cancer cells to die.
- Rehabilitation after treatment:- it includes:
- Physical therapy: – Itcan help to regain lost motor skills or muscle strength.
- Occupational therapy: – It can help to get back to normal daily activities, including work, after a brain tumor or other illness.
- Speech therapy: – improves speech.
- Tutoring for school-age children: – It can help kids to cope with changes in their memory and thinking after a brain tumor.
- Call us today on (+91) 80 80 850 950 to book an appointment and meet our specialist to know more about our speciality Homeopathy treatment for brain (tumor) cancer.