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Treatment of Liver Cancer

Treatment of Liver Cancer
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Treatment of liver cancer has to be multi-way therapy. Its not either Homeopathy or conventional treatment. The best long-term results are achieved by combination therapy depending on age, stage of liver cancer and general health condition of patient. Conventional treatments like chemotherapy or radiation therapy helps in faster removal of cancer, Homeopathy Treatment for liver cancer can help in

  • Regression of liver cancer
  • Prevention of recurrence of liver cancer,
  • Removing side-effects of chemo and radiation therapy,
  • Relieving cancer pains
  • Improving general quality of life and hence, a better reaction to other treatments.

The speciality Homeopathic treatment for liver cancer, developed at Welling Clinics can be very helpful for those suffering from liver cancer.

Call us today on (+91) 80 80 850 950 to book an appointment and meet our specialist to know more about our speciality Homeopathy treatment for liver cancer.

Introduction of Liver Cancer:-

  • Liver cancer is also named as “Hepatic Cancer” or “Hepatocellular Carcinoma”.
  • Liver cancer is cancer that begins in the tissues of liver.
  • Liver cancers are malignant tumors that grow on the surface or inside the liver.
  • Liver cancer is the third most common cancer in the world, and the majority of patients with liver cancer will die within one year as a result of the cancer. But liver cancer is uncommon in the United States.
  • Cancer that begins in another area of the body, such as the colon, liver or breast, and then spreads to the liver is called “metastatic cancer”, rather than liver cancer.
  • Many patients with liver cancer do not develop symptoms until the advanced stages of the tumor. When the patient does develop symptoms, the prognosis is usually poor.
  • The natural history of liver cancer is variable and it depends upon the stage of the tumor and the severity of the associated cirrhosis.

Types of Liver Cancer: – There are several types of liver cancer based on the type of cells that becomes cancerous. Liver Cancer mainly is of two types:

  • Primary Liver Cancer.
  • Secondary Liver Cancer.

Primary Liver Cancer: – It is divided into four types:-

  • Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC):- It is also called as “Hepatoma”. It is the most common type of liver cancer. It mostly accounts for approximately 75 percent of all liver cancers. It starts in the main type of liver cells called as “Hepatocellular cells”. Most cases of HCC are due to infection with hepatitis B or C and cirrhosis of the liver caused by alcoholism. It is much more likely to develop in men than in women. It also becomes more common as people get older.
  • Fibrolamellar HCC: – It is a rare subtype of HCC. “Fibro” means to fibrous tissue and “lamellar” means the plate like structure of the cells. Fibrolamellar carcinoma tends to develop in younger people who do not havecirrhosis or infection with hepatitis B or C. Usually Fibrolamellar HCC has better prognosis than HCC.
  • Cholangiocarcinoma: – It is cancer of bile duct. It occurs in the small, tube-like bile ducts within the liver that carry bile to the gallbladder. Cholangiocarcinomas accounts for 10-20 percent of all liver cancers. Cholangiocarcinomas are of two types:-
  • Intrahepatic bile duct cancer: – It begins in ducts within the liver.
  • Extrahepatic bile duct cancer: – It develops in ducts outside of the liver.
  • Angiosarcoma: – This type of liver cancer is also called “Hemangiocarcinoma”. This type of cancer accounts for about 1 percent of all liver cancers. Angiosarcomas begin in the blood vessels of the liver and grow quickly. They are typically diagnosed at an advanced stage. It is most commonly seen in people with age group of 70 years to 80 years of age group.

Secondary liver cancer: – It is also known as a “liver metastasis”. It develops when primary cancer from another part of the body spreads to the liver. Most liver metastases originate from colon or colorectal cancer. More than half of people diagnosed with colorectal cancer develop secondary liver cancer.

Basic Pathology of Liver Cancer:-

Staging and grading of Liver Cancer is totally depends upon TNM classification based on “The American Joint Committee on Cancer” (AJCC). It depends upon three primary factors.

  • Tumor (T):- Itdescribes the number and size of the original tumor.
  • Lymph Node (N):- It indicates whether the cancer is present in the regional lymph nodes.
  • Metastasis (M):- Itrefers to whether cancer has spread to distant parts of the body.

Liver cancer stages are as follows:

  • Stage 1: – It is single primary tumor of any size. Itis found only in liver and not grown into any blood vessels. The cancer has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant sites also.
  • Stage 2:- It is also single primary tumor of any size OR there is more than one tumor present in liver. But in this stage 2, tumor has spread to the blood vessels, and they are all smaller than 5 cm in diameter. The cancer has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant sites also.
  • Stage 3:- Stage 3 liver cancer is divided into three subcategories:
  • Stage 3(A):- In this stage, there are several tumors and one of them is larger than 2 inches (5 cm) in diameter. The cancer has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant sites.
  • Stage 3(B):- In this stage, there are several tumors and one tumor of them is growing into a branch of the portal vein or the hepatic vein. The liver cancer has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant sites
  • Stage 3(C):- In this stage, the tumor has grown into a nearby organ (other than the gallbladder) OR the tumor has grown into the outer covering of the liver. The cancer has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant sites.
  • Stage 4:- Stage 4 liver cancer is divided into two subcategories:
  • Stage 4(A):- In this stage, the tumors is of any size or number and have spread beyond the liver to blood vessels or nearby organs. The cancer has invaded nearby lymph nodes, but cancer has not spread to distant sites.
  • Stage 4(B):- In this stage, liver cancer has spread to other parts of the body (Metastasis).

Clinical Presentation of Liver Cancer: – Most people don’t have signs and symptoms in the early stages of primary liver cancer. When signs and symptoms do appear, they may include:

  • A lump below the rib cage on the right side of the abdomen.
  • Pain near the right shoulder or on the right side of the abdomen.
  • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes). Jaundice occurs when the liver is not functioning properly.
  • General weakness or fatigue that is persistent.
  • Fever that is unrelated to other conditions.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Dark-colored urine.
  • Loss of appetite or a feeling of fullness after a small meal.
  • Unexpected weight loss.
  • Hepatomegaly (liver enlargement) which is felt as a mass under the ribs on the right side.
  • Spleenomegaly (enlarged spleen) which is felt as a mass under the ribs on the left side.
  • Ascites (Abdominal swelling) or bloating of the abdomen.

Diagnosis of Liver Cancer: – To diagnosed Liver Cancer following are test has to be done:

  • Blood tests: – It includes a serum marker test and liver enzymes. The serum marker test measures the amounts of certain substances linked to cancer. For liver cancer, cirrhosis, and hepatitis, the substance alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) may show up in higher levels. Liver enzymes are often elevated, indicating an underlying liver problem.
  • Ultrasound: – It is a procedure that transmits high-frequency sound waves through the body.
  • Computed tomography (CT scan), a special type of X-ray that takes detailed images of organs
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI):- It is a test that produces very clear images of the human body using a large magnet, radio waves, and a computer.
  • Angiogram: – It is a test that uses dye injected into an artery to show liver tissue and any tumors is present or not.
  • Laparoscopy: – In Laproscopic procedure, thin tube is used with a light (laparoscope) to observe the liver and other organs inside the abdominal cavity.
  • Biopsy (removal of tissue for study under a microscope):- It may be done using a laparoscope. A biopsy is the most reliable way to determine cancer.

Treatment of liver Cancer: – Treatments for primary liver cancer depends upon the stage of the disease as well as age and overall health of individual. Treatment includes:

  • Partial Hepatectomy: -Partial Hepatectomy is nothing but the removal of small portion of Liver. It is a surgery to remove the liver cancer and a small portion of healthy tissue that surrounds it if the tumor is small and liver function is good.
  • Liver transplant surgery: – During liver transplant surgery, the diseased liver is removed and replaced with a healthy liver from a donor. Liver transplant surgery may be an option for certain people with early-stage liver cancer.
  • Injecting alcohol into the tumor: – During alcohol injection, pure alcohol is injected directly into tumors, either through the skin or during an operation. Alcohol causes the tumor cells to die.
  • Injecting chemotherapy drugs into the Liver: – This is called as “Chemoembolization”. It is a type of chemotherapy treatment that supplies strong anti-cancer drugs directly to the liver. During the procedure, chemotherapy drugs are injected into the hepatic artery (the artery from which liver cancers derive their blood supply) and then the artery is blocked.
  • Radiation therapy: – This treatment uses high-powered energy beams to destroy cancer cells and shrink tumors. Radiation side effects may include fatigue, nausea and vomiting.

The speciality Homeopathic treatment for liver cancer, developed at Welling Clinics can be very helpful for those suffering from liver cancer.

  • Call us today on (+91) 80 80 850 950 to book an appointment and meet our specialist to know more about our speciality Homeopathy treatment for liver cancer.

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