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Treatment of Lung Cancer

Treatment of Lung Cancer
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Treatment of lung cancer has to be multi-way therapy. Its not either Homeopathy or conventional treatment. The best long-term results are achieved by combination therapy depending on age, stage of lung cancer and general health condition of patient. Conventional treatments like chemotherapy or radiation therapy helps in faster removal of cancer, Homeopathy can help in

  • Regression of lung cancer
  • Prevention of recurrence of lung cancer,
  • Removing side-effects of chemo and radiation therapy,
  • Relieving cancer pains
  • Improving general quality of life and hence, a better reaction to other treatments.

The speciality Homeopathic treatment for lung cancer, developed at Welling Clinics can be very helpful for those suffering from lung cancer.

Call us today on (+91) 80 80 850 950 to book an appointment and meet our specialist to know more about our speciality Homeopathy treatment for lung cancer.

Introduction of Lung Cancer:-

  • Lung canceris the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells that start off in one or both lungs; usually in the cells that line the air passages.
  • The abnormal cells do not develop into healthy lung tissue; they divide rapidly and form tumors.
  • As tumors become larger and more numerous, they undermine the lung’s ability to provide the bloodstream with oxygen.
  • Tumors that remain in one place and do not appear to spread are known as “benign tumors.
  • The more dangerous ones, spread to other parts of the body either through the bloodstream or the lymphatic system are known as “Malignant tumors”.
  • Metastasis refers to cancer spreading beyond its site of origin to other parts of the body.
  • When cancer spreads it is much harder to treat successfully.
  • Total deaths worldwide caused by cancer each year:-
  • Lung cancer– 1,370,000 deaths.

Type of Lung Cancer: – Lung cancer basically is of two types:-

  • Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC)
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)
  • Small cell lung cancer:-
  • Small cell lung cancer is also called as “Oat Cell Lung Cancer” because the cells resemble oats under the microscope which begins in the lung tissue.
  • SCLC often spreads quickly, and accounts for less than 20 percent of lung cancers.
  • Small cell lung cancer caused due to smoking than non-small cell lung cancer, and grows more rapidly and spreads to other parts of the body earlier than non-small cell lung cancer.
  • It is also more responsive to chemotherapy.
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer :-
  • It accounts for about 85 percent of lung cancers, and usually grows at a slower rate than SCLC.
  • There are three main types of non-small cell lung cancer:-
  • Adenocarcinoma: – This type of non-small cell lung cancer is the most common form of lung cancer, accounting for 30-35 percent of all cases. It mostly affects both men and women. Adenocarcinoma is found in the outer region of the lung.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma: – It is also called as “Epidermoid carcinoma”. It is found in the lining of the bronchial tubes. It is mostly caused due to smoking. This type of lung cancer is responsible for about 30 percent of all non-small cell lung cancers.
  • Large cell carcinomas: – Large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma lung cancer grows and spreads quickly and can be found anywhere in the lung. This type of lung cancer usually accounts for 10 – 15 percent of all cases.

Basic Pathology of Lung Cancer: – Lung cancer stages are based and divided upon the spread and grades of cancer from the lungs to the lymph nodes or other organs. Because the lungs are large, tumors can grow in them for a long time before they are found.

  • Small Cell Lung Cancer:- There are two stages of Small Cell Lung Cancer:
  • Limited stage: In this stage, cancer is found on one side of the chest, involving just one part of the lung and nearby lymph nodes.
  • Extensive stage:In this stage, cancer has spread to other regions of the chest or other parts of the body.
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: – It is divided into four stages.

Stage 1:- In this Stage of Lung Cancer, the cancer is much localized and hasn’t spread to the lymph nodes. This stage is further sub-divided in two:

  • Stage 1A:-In this Stage, cancer is not larger than 3cm in size.
  • Stage 1B:-In this stage, cancer is larger than 3cm, or is grows into bronchus (the main airway of the lung). The cancer may also have spread to the pleura (membrane covering the lung) or has made the lung partially collapse.

Stage 2:- Stage 2 cancer is also divided in two:

  • Stage 2A:- In this stage,cancer is small and measures 3cm or less, and affects nearby lymph nodes.
  • Stage 2B:- In this stage, either the cancer is larger than 3cm and it is spreads to the nearby lymph nodes; or there is no cancer in the lymph nodes but the tumour has made the lung collapse; or it has grown into the:
  • Chest Wall
  • Membrane covering the lung (pleura)
  • Muscle layer below the lungs (diaphragm)
  • Covering of the heart (pericardium).

Stage 3:- Stage 3 cancer is further divided in two:

  • Stage 3A:- The cancer is of any size and has spread to the lymph nodes in the middle of the chest (mediastinum), but not spreads to the other side of the chest. It can spread into:
  • Chest Wall
  • The covering of the lung (pleura)
  • The middle of the chest (mediastinum)
  • Other lymph nodes close to the affected lung.
  • Stage 3B:- In this stage, the cancer has spread to:
  • Lymph nodes on either side of the chest
  • Esophagus,
  • Heart,
  • Trachea OR
  • Main blood vessel

Stage 4:- In this stage of Lung Cancer, cancer has spread to a distant part of the body such as the liver, bones or the brain.

Clinical Presentation of Lung Cancer: – Lung Cancer symptoms are depends upon the location, spread and size of cancer. Advanced stages of lung cancer are often characterized by the spread of the cancer to distant sites in the body. This may affect the bones, liver or lung. As other parts of the body are affected, new lung cancer symptoms may develop. The signs and symptoms of lung cancer includes:

The symptoms of Lung cancer are as follows:- Signs of advanced stages of lung cancer includes:
ü  Recurrent infections like bronchitis or pneumonia may be one of the signs of lung cancer.ü  Persistent or intense coughing.ü  Coughing up blood, or blood in the sputum.ü  Pain in the chest shoulder, or back from coughing.

ü  Difficulty breathing and swallowing.

ü  Hoarseness of the voice

ü Harsh sounds while breathing (stridor)

ü  Bone pain.ü  Swelling of the face, arms or neck.ü  Headaches, dizziness or limbs that becomes weak or numb.ü  Jaundice.

ü Lumps in the neck or collar bone region

Diagnosis of Lung Cancer: – The following are the test should be done to diagnosed Lung cancer:

  • General History and Physical examination: – When lung cancer is suspected, a physician will first perform a thorough history and physical exam. This is done to evaluate symptoms and risk factors for lung cancer, and to look for any physical signs suggestive of lung cancer. These can include abnormal lung sounds, enlarged lymph nodes, or clubbing of the fingernails.
  • Chest x-ray:- A chest x-ray is usually the first test performed to evaluate any concerns based on a careful history and physical. This may show a mass in the lungs or enlarged lymph nodes. Sometimes the chest x-ray is normal, and further tests are needed look for a suspected lung cancer.
  • CT scan: – CT scan is frequently the second step either to follow up on an abnormal chest x-ray finding, or to evaluate troublesome symptoms in those with a normal chest x-ray. CT scanning involves a series of x-rays that create a 3-dimensional view of the lungs. If the CT is abnormal, the diagnosis of lung cancer still needs confirmation through a sample of tissue by one of the procedures below.
  • MRI Scan:In some patients, MRI will be used to evaluate the possibility of lung cancer. This procedure uses magnetism and does not involve radiation.
  • PET scan: – PET scan uses radioactive material to create colorful 3-dimensional images of a region of the body.
  • Sputum cytology: – After a lung cancer is suspected based on imaging, a sample of tissue is required to confirm the diagnosis and determine the type of cancer. Sputum cytology is the easiest way to do this, but its use is limited to those tumors that extend into the airways. Sputum cytology is not always accurate and can miss some cancer cells.
  • Biopsy: – In this procedure, sample of abnormal cells may be removed for testing. Biopsy procedures includes:-
  • Bronchoscopy– in which abnormal areas of lungs are examine using a lighted tube that’s passed down throat and into lungs;
  • Mediastinoscopy- in which an incision is made at the base of neck and surgical tools are inserted behind breastbone to take tissue samples from lymph nodes.
  • Needle biopsy– in which X-ray or CT images is use to guide a needle through the chest wall and into the lung tissue to collect suspicious cells. A biopsy sample may also be taken from lymph nodes or other areas where cancer has spread, such as from liver.

Treatment of Lung Cancer:-

Treatment option for Lung Cancer Depending upon Stage of Cancer
Stages Treatment Available
Stage I Surgery when possible but usually combined chemotherapy and radiation.
Stage II Combined Chemotherapy and radiation
Stage III Combined Chemotherapy and radiation and supportive Care
Stage IV Chemotherapy and supportive Care

Surgery:-Procedures to remove lung cancer include:

  • Wedge resection: – It is procedure to remove a small section of lung that contains the tumor along with a margin of healthy tissue.
  • Segmental resection: – It is procedure to remove a larger portion of lung, but not an entire lobe.
  • Lobotomy: – It is procedure to remove the entire lobe of one lung.
  • Pneumonectomy:-It is procedure to remove an entire lung.

Complications of surgery for Lung Cancer include: – Bleeding and infection.

Chemotherapy:-
Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. One or more chemotherapy drugs may be given through a vein in arm (intravenously) or taken orally. Chemotherapy can be used as a first line treatment for lung cancer or as additional treatment after surgery. In some cases, chemotherapy can be used to lessen side effects of cancer.

Radiation therapy:-
Radiation therapy uses high-powered energy beams, such as X-rays, to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy can be used alone or with other lung cancer treatments.

Supportive care
When the chance of cure is minimal, and to avoid harsh treatments then supportive care is advisable. Supportive care is advice to treat signs and symptoms only and to make more comfortable but won’t receive treatment to cure cancer as such. Supportive care, also called palliative care.

Call us today on (+91) 80 80 850 950 to book an appointment and meet our specialist to know more about our speciality Homeopathy treatment for lung cancer.

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