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Treatment of Melanoma

Treatment of Melanoma cancer has to be multi-way therapy. Its not either Homeopathy or conventional treatment. The best long-term results are achieved by combination therapy depending on age, stage of Melanoma cancer and general health condition of patient. While conventional treatments like chemotherapy or radiation therapy helps in faster removal of cancer, Homeopathy Treatment for Melanoma cancer can help in

  • Regression of Melanoma cancer
  • Prevention of recurrence of Melanoma cancer,
  • Removing side-effects of chemo and radiation therapy,
  • Relieving cancer pains
  • Improving general quality of life and hence, a better reaction to other treatments.

The speciality Homeopathic treatment for Melanoma cancer, developed at Welling Clinics can be very helpful for those suffering from Melanoma cancer.

Call us today on (+91) 80 80 850 950 to book an appointment and meet our specialist to know more about our speciality Homeopathy treatment for Melanoma cancer.

MELANOMA

Introduction of Melanoma:-

  • Melanoma is the most serious type of skin cancer. It develops in the cells (melanocytes) that produce melanin.
  • Melanin is the pigment that gives color to skin.
  • They most often develop in areas that have had exposure to the sun, such as your back, legs, arms and face.
  • Melanoma is less common than otherskin cancers.
  • The majority of melanomas are black or brown, but they can also be skin-colored, pink, red, purple, blue or white.
  • Melanoma is mainly caused by intense, occasional UV exposure (frequently leading to sunburn), especially in those who are genetically predisposed to the disease. The risk of melanoma seems to be increasing in people under 40, especially women
  • Melanoma can be treated successfully if it is detected early.
  • Melanoma kills an estimated 8,790 people in the US annually.

Types of Melanoma: – There are basic four types of melanoma seen. Three of them begin in situ means they occupy only the top layers of the skin — and sometimes become invasive; the fourth one is invasive from the start. Invasive melanomas are more serious, as they have penetrated deeper into the skin and may have spread to other areas of the body.

(1) Superficial spreading melanoma: – It is the most common type of melanoma. It accounts for about 70 percent of all cases. This type is mostly seen in young people. This melanoma grows along the top layer of the skin and sometimes penetrating skin more deeply. The first sign of appearance of this is irregular borders and is somewhat asymmetrical in form. The color varies, and areas become tan, brown, black, red, blue or white. This type of melanoma can occur in a previously benign mole. The melanoma can be found almost anywhere on the body, but is most likely to occur on the trunk in men, the legs in women, and the upper back in both sexes.

(2) Lentigo maligna: – It is similar to the superficial spreading type, as it also remains close to the skin surface, and usually appears as a flat or mildly elevated mottled tan, brown or dark brown discoloration. This type is found most often in the elder peoples, arising on chronically sun-exposed, damaged skin on the face, ears, arms and upper trunk.

(3) Acral lentiginous melanoma: – This type is also spreads superficially before penetrating more deeply. It is quite different from the others, as it usually appears as a black or brown discoloration under the nails or on the soles of the feet or palms of the hands. This type is sometimes found on dark-skinned people.

(4) Nodular melanoma: – It is usually invasive at the time it is first diagnosed. The malignancy is recognized when it becomes a bump. It is usually black in color, but occasionally is blue, gray, white, brown, tan, red or skin tone. The most frequent locations are the trunk, legs, and arms, as well as the scalp in men. It is mostly seen in elderly people. This is the most aggressive of the melanomas, and is accounts for about 10 to 15 percent of cases.

Basic Pathology of Melanoma: – Melanoma stages are depends upon the size or thickness of the tumor and also whether spreads to the lymph nodes or other organs. Depending upon TNM classification, stages of Melanoma are as follows:

Stage 0 melanoma: – Stage 0 melanoma means the cancer cells are confined to the epidermis and have not spread deeply. At this stage, the cancer is usually handled by surgery alone.

Stage I melanoma: – Stage I melanoma means the cancer cells have grown deeper into the skin, but have not spread to the distant lymph nodes or other parts of the body. This is further classified into:-

  • Stage IA:in this stage, the cancer is very small, less than 1 mm in diameter, and does not appear ulcerated. It is not spreading rapidly to other organs.
  • Stage IB:In this stage, cancer is either very small, less than 1 mm in diameter, but it is ulcerated or spreading rapidly to other organs, OR the cancer is between 1-2 mm deep without any sign of ulceration.

Stage II melanoma: – Stage II melanoma means the cancer cells have grown deeper into the skin, or have more complications, but have not spread to the lymph nodes or beyond that. This type is further sub-divided into:-

  • Stage IIA: in this stage, cancer cells have grown 1-2 mm deep into the skin, and the tumor appears ulcerated.
  • Stage IIB: The cancer is 2-4 mm thick with ulceration.
  • Stage IIC: The cancer is more than 4 mm thick, and it is ulcerated.

Stage III melanoma: – Stage III melanoma means the melanoma cancer cells have spread to nearby lymph nodes, but not to the distant organs. They are further divided into:-

  • Stage IIIA: The cancer can be any size, without ulceration, but a small number of cancer cells which can only be seen under a microscope have been found in 1-3 nearby lymph nodes.
  • Stage IIIB: Melanomas at this stage can be any size but they are ulcerated with cancer cells in 1-3 lymph nodes that can only be seen under a microscope.
  • Stage IIIC: Melanomas at this stage can be any thickness. If it is ulcerated, either 1-3 nearby lymph nodes are enlarged OR cancer cells can be found in the nearby skin or lymphatic channels.

Stage IV melanoma:- Stage IV melanoma means the cancer cells have spread beyond the skin and regional lymph nodes to distant organs such as the liver, lungs or brain, or distant lymph nodes and areas of the skin.

Clinical Presentation of melanoma: -The “ABCD” rule is another way to recognize abnormal growths that may be melanoma skin cancer:

A is for Asymmetry Mole has an irregular shape.
B is for Border Mole has an Irregular, blurred, rough border.
C is for Color Most moles are an even color – brown, black, tan or even pink – but changes in the shade or distribution of color throughout the mole can cause melanoma
D is for Diameter Mostly moles are larger than ¼ inch (6 mm in diameter), but some melanoma cancers may be smaller than this.

Based on this rule, the signs and symptoms of Melanoma are:

  • A change in an existing mole.
  • The development of a new pigmented or unusual-looking growth on skin.
  • Sores that do not heal.
  • Pigment, redness or swelling that spreads outside the border of a spot to the surrounding skin.
  • Itchiness, tenderness or pain.
  • Changes in texture or scales, oozing or bleeding from an existing mole.

Diagnosis of Melanoma

Skin examination by doctor: -It will includes Inspection of skin

Self skin examination: – Self skin examination will show any changes are occurs on skin or not? It will include: – moles, freckles and other skin marks on skin.

Diagnosing melanoma: – The only way to accurately diagnose melanoma is with a biopsy. In this procedure, all or part of the suspicious mole or growth is removed, and then analyzing of the sample is done. Biopsy procedures include:

  • Punch biopsy: – During a punch biopsy, a tool with a circular blade is used. The blade is pressed into the skin around a suspicious mole and a round piece of skin is removed.
  • Excisional biopsy: – In this procedure, the entire mole or growth is removed along with a small border of normal-appearing skin.
  • Incisional biopsy: – With an incisional biopsy, only the most irregular part of a mole or growth is taken for laboratory analysis.

Treatment of Melanoma

The treatment will depend upon the stage of cancer, age and overall health of an individual.

  • Treating early-stage melanomas: – For early-stage melanomas, treatment usually includes surgery to remove the melanoma. A very thin melanoma may be removed entirely during the biopsy and require no further treatment.
  • Treating melanomas that have spread beyond the skin:- If melanoma has spread beyond the skin, treatment options may include:
  • Surgery to remove affected lymph nodes: – If melanoma has spread to nearby lymph nodes, the affected nodes should be removed. Additional treatments before or after surgery may also be recommended.
  • Chemotherapy: – Chemotherapy uses drugs to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be given intravenously OR chemotherapy can be given in a vein in arm or leg. This procedure is called as “isolated limb perfusion”.
  • Radiation therapy: – This treatment uses high-powered energy beams, such as X-rays, to kill cancer cells. It’s sometimes used to help relieve symptoms of melanoma that has spread to another organ. Side effect of radiation therapy includes Fatigue
  • Biological therapy: –Biological therapy boosts the immune system to help body to fight cancer. These treatments are made of substances produced by the body or similar substances produced in a laboratory. Biological therapies used to treat melanoma include interferon and interleukin-2. Side effects of these treatments are similar to those of the flu, including chills, fatigue, fever, headache and muscle aches.

Homeopathic Treatment for Melanoma Cancer

The speciality Homeopathic treatment for Melanoma cancer, developed at Welling Clinics can be very helpful for those suffering from Melanoma cancer.

Call us today on (+91) 80 80 850 950 to book an appointment and meet our specialist to know more about our speciality Homeopathy treatment for Melanoma cancer.

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