Send A Message

Treatment of Thyroid Cancer

Treatment of Thyroid Cancer
4.8 (95.56%) 9 votes
Treatment of Thyroid cancer has to be multi-way therapy. Its not either Homeopathy or conventional treatment. The best long-term results are achieved by combination therapy depending on age, stage of Thyroid cancer and general health condition of patient. While conventional treatments like chemotherapy or radiation therapy helps in faster removal of cancer, Homeopathy Treatment for Thyroid cancer can help in

  • Regression of Thyroid cancer
  • Prevention of recurrence of Thyroid cancer,
  • Removing side-effects of chemo and radiation therapy,
  • Relieving cancer pains
  • Improving general quality of life and hence, a better reaction to other treatments.

The speciality Homeopathic treatment for Thyroid cancer, developed at Welling Clinics can be very helpful for those suffering from Thyroid cancer.

Call us today on (+91) 80 80 850 950 to book an appointment and meet our specialist to know more about our speciality Homeopathy treatment for Thyroid cancer.

THYROID CANCER

Introduction of Thyroid Cancer:-

  • Thyroid cancer is a malignant thyroid neoplasm originating from follicular or parafollicular thyroid
  • It usually presents painless lump in neck.
  • Thyroid cancer is a form of cancer that develops from the tissues of the thyroid gland.
  • The thyroid gland is located in the front of the throat, below the thyroid cartilage.
  • The thyroid gland produces several important hormones, including the thyroid hormone, which is involved in controlling body temperature, weight, energy level and heart rate.
  • The thyroid gland also produces calcitonin, which helps the body use calcium.
  • Thyroid canceris an uncommon type of  Most cases of thyroid cancer can be cured with treatment.
  • Thyroid cancer occurs more frequently in younger patients. It affects age group of 25 and 65 yrs. It is three times more common in women than men.
  • Family history of thyroid cancer is strongly present.
  • Estimated new cases and deathsfrom thyroid cancer in the United States in 2013:
  • New cases: 60,220
  • Deaths: 1,850

Types of Thyroid Cancer:-

There are several different types of thyroid cancer:

  • Papillary carcinoma: – Itis the most common type of thyroid cancer, accounting for approximately 80 percent of cases. Papillary carcinomas are slow growing, that develops from follicular cells and can develop in one or both lobes of the thyroid gland. This type of cancer may spread to nearby lymph nodes in the neck, but it is generally treatable with a good prognosis. It is usually affects people between age group of 30 and 50 years.
  • Follicular carcinoma: – Itis the second most common type of thyroid cancer, accounting for approximately one out of 10 cases. Follicular cancer also arises from the follicle cells of the thyroid. It is found more frequently in countries with an inadequate dietary intake of iodine. In most cases, it is associated with a good prognosis, although it is somewhat more aggressive than papillary cancer. Follicular carcinomas do not usually spread to nearby lymph nodes, but they are more likely than papillary cancers to spread to other organs, like the lungs or the bones. It usually affects people older than age 50 yrs.
  • Hürthle cell carcinoma: – It is a subtype of follicular carcinoma, and accounts for approximately 3 percent of all thyroid cancers.
  • Medullary carcinoma: – Itdevelops from C cells in the thyroid gland, and is more aggressive and less differentiated than papillary or follicular cancers. Approximately 4 percent of all thyroid cancers will be of the medullary subtype. These cancers are more likely to spread to lymph nodes and other organs, compared with the other thyroid cancers. They also frequently release high levels calcitonin and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), which can be detected by blood tests. Certain genetic syndromes increase the risk of familial medullary thyroid cancer, although this genetic link is uncommon.
  • Anaplastic carcinoma: – Anaplastic thyroid cancer is a rare and rapidly growing cancer.It is the most undifferentiated type of thyroid cancer. It is a very aggressive form of cancer that quickly spreads to other parts of the neck and body. It occurs in approximately 2 percent of thyroid cancer cases.
  • Thyroid lymphoma: – Thyroid lymphoma is a rare form of thyroid cancer that occurs most often in older adults. It begins in the immune system cells in the thyroid. It may grow very quickly.

Basic Pathology of Thyroid Cancer:-

The stage of a cancer depends upon the size and spread of tumour. It is important because treatment is often decided according to the stage of a cancer. Following are the certain stages of thyroid cancer:

Stage I thyroid cancer: – In stage I of thyroid cancer, the tumor is 2 cm or smaller (less than an inch wide), and has not grown outside the thyroid. It has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant sites.

Stage II thyroid cancer: – Cancers in stage II meet one of the following criteria:

  • The diameter of the primary tumor ranges from 2 to 4 cm. There are no cancer cells in regional lymph nodes or distant sites in the body.
  • The primary tumor is larger than 4 cm in diameter or has started to grow outside of the thyroid gland. No cancer growth was found in the lymph nodes or other parts of the body.

Stage III thyroid cancer: – Cancers in stage III stage meet one of the following criteria:

  • The primary tumor is larger than 4 cm, or has grown outside the thyroid, but has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or beyond.
  • The tumor can be any size or be growing outside the thyroid, and has spread to lymph nodes in the neck.

Stage IV thyroid cancer: – Stage IV is the most advanced stage of thyroid cancer, is further subdivided depending on where the cancer has spread:

  • Stage IVA: – Cancers at this stage have grown beyond the thyroid gland and may have spread into nearby tissue, or they may have spread to lymph nodes in the neck and upper chest, but not to the distant sites.
  • Stage IVB: – The primary tumor has grown into the spine or into nearby large blood vessels. In this thyroid cancer stage, the disease may or may not have spread to lymph nodes, but has not reached distant sites.
  • Stage IVC: –The thyroid cancer cells have metastasized, or spread to distant sites.

Stage IV Anaplastic thyroid cancer: – Anaplastic/undifferentiated thyroid cancers are much more aggressive than the other subtypes and are all considered stage IV. These are further subdivided into various stages:

  • Stage IVA: –in this stage tumour is within the thyroid gland, although it may or may not have spread to nearby lymph nodes. It has not spread to distant organs.
  • Stage IVB: –The tumor has spread outside of the thyroid gland, and cancer cells may or may not have been found in regional lymph nodes, but have not reached distant sites.
  • Stage IVC: –The cancer cells have spread beyond the thyroid gland to more distant parts of the body.

Clinical Presentation of Thyroid Cancer:-

If thyroid cancer is detected early then it may not cause any symptoms at all. But as a thyroid cancer grows and develops, it is more likely to cause symptoms. Some of the symptoms that may point to thyroid cancer include the following:

  • A lump or nodule in the neck is observed. It is observed especially in the front of the neck. Sometimes, this lump or nodule is growing quickly.
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck.
  • Hoarseness of voice seen.
  • Difficulty in swallowing food or a choking feeling felt by patient.
  • Pain or discomfort feeling in the neck region. Sometimes it may extend all the way to the ears.
  • Chronic cough- It is continues in nature and it is not related to a cold.
  • Breathing problems faced by patients. Difficulty in breathing occurs.

Diagnosis of Thyroid Cancer:-

Following are the certain tests and procedures used to diagnose thyroid cancer:

  • A physical examination: – It is carried outto feel the neck for thyroid lumps and lymph node swelling.
  • Thyroid function test: – The most common cause of swelling in the neck is either an overactive thyroid gland(hyperthyroidism) or an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism). A thyroid function test will help confirm or rule out these conditions.
  • Biopsy: – A biopsy is the removal of a small amount of tissue for examination under a microscope. It is the way to determine whether a nodule is malignant or benign is through a biopsy. Biopsy includes:
  • Fine needle aspiration cytology– Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is the next stage in diagnosing thyroid cancer. It is an important diagnostic step to determine if a thyroid nodule is benign or malignant.
  • Surgical biopsy– If the needle aspiration biopsy is not clear, then biopsy is recommended in which the nodule and possibly the affected lobe of the thyroid will be removed. This procedure is usually done under general anesthesia.
  • Blood tests: – Itincludes a test to measure the level of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in the body.
  • Imaging tests: – Imaging test includesultrasound of the neck to help determine the nature of the nodule and to look for enlarged lymph nodes.
  • Ultrasound-guided needle biopsy: – It is carried outto remove cells from the thyroid and examine them using a microscope to look for cancer.

Treatment of thyroid cancer:-

Thyroid cancer treatment depends upon the type and stage of cancer, individual’s overall health. Most cases of thyroid cancer can be cured with treatment. The treatment of thyroid cancer includes:

Surgery for thyroid cancer: – Most people with thyroid cancer undergo surgery to remove all or most of the thyroid. Operations used to treat thyroid cancer include:

  • Removal of all or most of the thyroid (thyroidectomy):- Surgery to remove the entire thyroid is the most common treatment for thyroid cancer.
  • Removal of lymph nodes in the neck: – In this, removal of the thyroid along with enlarged lymph nodes from neck are removed and test them for cancer cells.

Side effects of this surgery for thyroid cancer includes:-

  • Risk of bleeding and infection.
  • Damage can also occur to parathyroid glands during surgery, later leading to low calcium levels in your body.
  • Risk of accidental damage to the nerves connected to vocal cords, which can cause vocal cord paralysis, hoarseness, soft voice or difficulty breathing.

Thyroid hormone therapy for thyroid cancer: – After thyroid cancer surgery, the thyroid hormone medication started. These medications includes: – levothyroxine (Levothroid, Synthroid, others). This pill has two benefits:

  • It supplies the missing hormone your thyroid would normally produce,
  • It suppresses the production of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) from your pituitary gland.

Radioactive iodine for thyroid cancer: – Radioactive iodine treatment uses large doses of iodine and that’s radioactive. Radioactive iodine treatment is often used after thyroidectomy to destroy any remaining healthy thyroid tissue, as well as microscopic areas of thyroid cancer that weren’t removed during surgery. Radioactive iodine treatment may also be used to treat thyroid cancer that recurs after treatment or that spreads to other areas of the body.

Side effects may include:

  • Nausea
  • Dry mouth, Dry eyes
  • Altered sense of taste or smell
  • Pain where thyroid cancer cells have spread, such as the neck or chest

External radiation therapy for thyroid cancer: – Radiation therapy can also be given externally using a machine that aims high-energy beams at precise points on body. External radiation therapy is generally used to treat thyroid cancer that has spread to the bones.

Chemotherapy for thyroid cancer: – Chemotherapy is a drug treatment that uses chemicals to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy is typically given as an infusion through a vein. Chemotherapy is not commonly used in the treatment of thyroid cancer, but it may benefit some people who don’t respond to other, more standard therapies.

Homeopathic Treatment of Thyroid Cancer

The speciality Homeopathic treatment for Thyroid cancer, developed at Welling Clinics can be very helpful for those suffering from Thyroid cancer.

Call us today on (+91) 80 80 850 950 to book an appointment and meet our specialist to know more about our speciality Homeopathy treatment for Thyroid cancer.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top