- 1 What is CKD?
- 2 Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease
- 3 Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease
- 4 Investigations for Chronic Kidney Disease
- 5 Treatment for Chronic Kidney Disease
What is CKD?
Kidney is the most important organ of the body as it organ which eliminates waste products from our body in form of urine. It acts as a filtration organ –most important function is the purification of the blood.
Normally this disease is of chronic origin usually has a slow gradual onset without many symptoms expect slight feeling of being unwell at general level. It is a progressive loss of kidney function where the kidney is allowing the proteins ,Red blood cells to be lost in urine as the kidney is losing its capacity of filtration and also the waste products such as urea, nitrogenous waste are not getting eliminated from our body and there levels are rising in the blood.
It is usually found in patients who have long standing uncontrolled Diabetes Mellitus, Hereditary Hypertension (uncontrolled High Blood pressure), Anemia and Heart Diseases .
Chronic Kidney Disease is the End Stage of Renal function or End stage of Kidney Disease where the patient requires an artificial filtrating system (Dialysis) on a regular basis as the kidney has lost the ability to do so.
A low GFR and high Creatinine levels are often diagnostic of chronic kidney disease
Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease
The most common recognized cause of CKD is diabetes mellitus.
- Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
- Renal Artery Stenosis
- Kidney diseases like Glomercular Nephritis, Polycystic Kidney Disease ,Renal Calculi –recurrent kidney and urinary tract infections.
- Prostate diseases
Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease
- Reduction in kidney function must be present for over 3 months must be present for diagnosis
- General lethargic feeling
- Reduction of appetite
- Breathlessness –shortness of breath –if lung functions are involves
- Urine output may get reduced it will be less than 500ml/day
- Polyuria or Nocturia
- Persistent High Blood pressure
- Edema near the ankle and shin bone of the pitting type
- Twitching of muscles and cramps
- Sexual dysfunction in male –decrease sex drive, erectile dysfunction
- Female –Painful menstruation and decrease in sexual desire
- White crystals deposits under skin (Uremic-Frost)
- Generalized itching
- Later stages
- Stupor, dullness drowsiness
- Fits or convulsions
Investigations for Chronic Kidney Disease
- Complete Blood Count
- Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
- (S-Serum levels)
- Blood Urea Nitrogen
- Electrolyte – Calcium
- Urine Routine
- Blood Sugar Levels
- Lipid profile
- Electrocardiogram (ECG)
- Intravenous Pyleography (IVP)
- Renal Ultrasound
- Renal Imaging (CT-Scan)
Treatment for Chronic Kidney Disease
Avoid products with added salt. Lower the amount of sodium you eat each day by avoiding products with added salt, including many convenience foods, such as frozen dinners, canned soups and fast foods. Other foods with added salt include salty snack foods, canned vegetables, and processed meats and cheeses.
Choose lower potassium foods. Your dietitian may recommend that you choose lower potassium foods at each meal. High-potassium foods include bananas, oranges, potatoes, spinach and tomatoes. Examples of low-potassium foods include apples, cabbage, carrots, green beans, grapes and blueberries. Be aware that many salt substitutes contain potassium, so you should avoid them if you have kidney failure.
Limit the amount of protein you eat. Your dietitian will estimate the appropriate number of grams of protein you should eat each day and make recommendations based on that amount. High-protein foods include lean meats, eggs, milk, cheese and beans. Low-protein foods include vegetables, fruits, breads and cereals.
Avoid drinking coconut water
Medications for Chronic Kidney Disease
There is no cure for chronic kidney disease, although treatment can slow or halt the progression of the disease and can prevent other serious conditions developing.
People with CKD are known to have an increased risk of a heart attack because of changes that occur to the circulation.
In a minority of people, CKD may cause kidney failure, also known as established renal failure (ERF) or end-stage kidney disease. In this situation, the usual functions of the kidney stop working.
To survive, people with ERF may need to have artificial kidney treatment, called dialysis, or a kidney transplant.
Dialysis artificially removes waste products and extra fluid from your blood when your kidneys can no longer do this.
Treatment of Complications
- Keep the blood pressure under control – ACE Inhibitors
- Lower Blood Cholesterol Level
- Iron supplementations and Erythropoietin supplements to treat Anemia
- Calcium and Vit-D supplements to protect bones
Homeopathic Treatment for Chronic Kidney Disease
As in conventional treatment there is no cure and in advanced stages Dialysis is frequently required to bring down the S.Creat levels to maintain the blood proteins and electrolyte levels and the elimination of waste. But the Dialysis procedure is painful and an can lead to infection in abdominal cavity which can be life threatening. In homoeopathic treatment we can further halt the disease progress by giving medicines at the dispositional level (after understanding the person as a whole –understanding what factors would have lead to the disease in concordance with his personality ) so that the body’s own kidney is stimulated to carry out the function –we cannot revert back the damage process but can subsequently bring down the S.creat levels and can make the person free of dialysis .Keep the S.Creat levels at that level and not allowing it to increase further .
If the patient has come at the early stage of renal failure where the damage to the kidney tissues is minimal then we can revert back the kidney to its normal stage
If the cause of the renal failure is Hypertension or Diabetes and kidney structure is preserved then we have can excellent scope with the help of the our medicine we can maintain the blood sugar and Blood pressure.
By achieving this we also maintain other blood parameters i.e Blood sugar, Blood urea Nitrogen, Electrolytes can improve the general well being of the patient and his quality of life.
Homoeopathic medicines for CKD
Apocyanum , Apis, Cantharis , Arsenic-Alb, Causticum, Lycopodium.